5G And The ‘Covid Neuroweapon’

Keep scrolling down there is a lot of info and research further down the page.

When millions died in and around Wuhan China the 5G network in that city had just been turned on. There was no kill zone outside of Wuhan. The surrounding regions/cities were not effected so how could it possibly have been a virus outbreak killing everyone in Wuhan? It would have spread all over. 

In several other nations that were hard hit with high death tolls 5G networks had also just been employed. A massive death count in 5G Ecuador was just like Wuhan. See the shocking scenes in the first video. 5G radiation is extremely dangerous to the vaccinated and also to the unvaccinated. Get rid of your 5G phones, protest 5G deployment, and stop taking the jabs. 

Scroll down for a new study just released in Sept, 2021.

 2021 Oct 26; 7(5): 666–681.
Published online 2021 Sep 29.
PMCID: PMC8580522
PMID: 34778597

Evidence for a connection between coronavirus disease-19 and exposure to radiofrequency radiation from wireless communications including 5G

Beverly Rubik 1 , 2 , * and Robert R. Brown 3


Background and Aim:

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) public health policy has focused on the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus and its effects on human health while environmental factors have been largely ignored. In considering the epidemiological triad (agent-host-environment) applicable to all disease, we investigated a possible environmental factor in the COVID-19 pandemic: ambient radiofrequency radiation from wireless communication systems including microwaves and millimeter waves. SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic, surfaced in Wuhan, China shortly after the implementation of city-wide (fifth generation [5G] of wireless communications radiation [WCR]), and rapidly spread globally, initially demonstrating a statistical correlation to international communities with recently established 5G networks. In this study, we examined the peer-reviewed scientific literature on the detrimental bioeffects of WCR and identified several mechanisms by which WCR may have contributed to the COVID-19 pandemic as a toxic environmental cofactor. By crossing boundaries between the disciplines of biophysics and pathophysiology, we present evidence that WCR may: (1) cause morphologic changes in erythrocytes including echinocyte and rouleaux formation that can contribute to hypercoagulation; (2) impair microcirculation and reduce erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels exacerbating hypoxia; (3) amplify immune system dysfunction, including immunosuppression, autoimmunity, and hyperinflammation; (4) increase cellular oxidative stress and the production of free radicals resulting in vascular injury and organ damage; (5) increase intracellular Ca2+ essential for viral entry, replication, and release, in addition to promoting pro-inflammatory pathways; and (6) worsen heart arrhythmias and cardiac disorders.

Relevance for Patients:

In short, WCR has become a ubiquitous environmental stressor that we propose may have contributed to adverse health outcomes of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 and increased the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, we recommend that all people, particularly those suffering from SARS-CoV-2 infection, reduce their exposure to WCR as much as reasonably achievable until further research better clarifies the systemic health effects associated with chronic WCR exposure.

Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus, coronavirus disease-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus 2, electromagnetic stress, electromagnetic fields, environmental factor, microwave, millimeter wave, pandemic, public health, radio frequency, radiofrequency, wireless

1. Introduction

1.1. Background

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been the focus of international public health policy since 2020. Despite unprecedented public health protocols to quell the pandemic, the number of COVID-19 cases continues to rise. We propose a reassessment of our public health strategies.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the simplest model of disease causation is the epidemiological triad consisting of three interactive factors: the agent (pathogen), the environment, and the health status of the host []. Extensive research is being done on the agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Risk factors that make a host more likely to succumb to the disease have been elucidated. However, environmental factors have not been sufficiently explored. In this paper, we investigated the role of wireless communication radiation (WCR), a widespread environmental stressor.

We explore the scientific evidence suggesting a possible relationship between COVID-19 and radiofrequency radiation related to wireless communications technology including fifth generation (5G) of wireless communications technology, henceforth referred to as WCR. WCR has already been recognized as a form of environmental pollution and physiological stressor []. Assessing the potentially detrimental health effects of WCR may be crucial to develop an effective, rational public health policy that may help expedite eradication of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, because we are on the verge of worldwide 5G deployment, it is critical to consider the possible damaging health effects of WCR before the public is potentially harmed.

5G is a protocol that will use high frequency bands and extensive bandwidths of the electromagnetic spectrum in the vast radiofrequency range from 600 MHz to nearly 100 GHz, which includes millimeter waves (>20 GHz), in addition to the currently used third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G) long-term evolution (LTE) microwave bands. 5G frequency spectrum allocations differ from country to country. Focused pulsed beams of radiation will emit from new base stations and phased array antennas placed close to buildings whenever persons access the 5G network. Because these high frequencies are strongly absorbed by the atmosphere and especially during rain, a transmitter’s range is limited to 300 meters. Therefore, 5G requires base stations and antennas to be much more closely spaced than previous generations. Plus, satellites in space will emit 5G bands globally to create a wireless worldwide web. The new system therefore requires significant densification of 4G infrastructure as well as new 5G antennas that may dramatically increase the population’s WCR exposure both inside structures and outdoors. Approximately 100,000 emitting satellites are planned to be launched into orbit. This infrastructure will significantly alter the world’s electromagnetic environment to unprecedented levels and may cause unknown consequences to the entire biosphere, including humans. The new infrastructure will service the new 5G devices, including 5G mobile phones, routers, computers, tablets, self-driving vehicles, machine-to-machine communications, and the Internet of Things.

The global industry standard for 5G is set by the 3G Partnership Project (3GPP), which is an umbrella term for several organizations developing standard protocols for mobile telecommunications. The 5G standard specifies all key aspects of the technology, including frequency spectrum allocation, beam-forming, beam steering, multiplexing multiple in, multiple out schemes, as well as modulation schemes, among others. 5G will utilize from 64 to 256 antennas at short distances to serve virtually simultaneously a large number of devices within a cell. The latest finalized 5G standard, Release 16, is codified in the 3GPP published Technical Report TR 21.916 and may be downloaded from the 3GPP server at https://www.3gpp.org/specifications. Engineers claim that 5G will offer performance up to 10 times that of current 4G networks [].

COVID-19 began in Wuhan, China in December 2019, shortly after city-wide 5G had “gone live,” that is, become an operational system, on October 31, 2019. COVID-19 outbreaks soon followed in other areas where 5G had also been at least partially implemented, including South Korea, Northern Italy, New York City, Seattle, and Southern California. In May 2020, Mordachev [] reported a statistically significant correlation between the intensity of radiofrequency radiation and the mortality from SARS-CoV-2 in 31 countries throughout the world. During the first pandemic wave in the United States, COVID-19 attributed cases and deaths were statistically higher in states and major cities with 5G infrastructure as compared with states and cities that did not yet have this technology [].

There is a large body of peer reviewed literature, since before World War II, on the biological effects of WCR that impact many aspects of our health. In examining this literature, we found intersections between the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 and detrimental bioeffects of WCR exposure. Here, we present the evidence suggesting that WCR has been a possible contributing factor exacerbating COVID-19.

1.2. Overview on COVID-19

The clinical presentation of COVID-19 has proven to be highly variable, with a wide range of symptoms and variability from case to case. According to the CDC, early disease symptoms may include sore throat, headache, fever, cough, chills, among others. More severe symptoms including shortness of breath, high fever, and severe fatigue may occur in a later stage. The neurological sequela of taste and smell loss has also been described.

Ing et al. [] determined 80% of those affected have mild symptoms or none, but older populations and those with comorbidities, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity, have a greater risk for severe disease []. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can rapidly occur [] and cause severe shortness of breath as endothelial cells lining blood vessels and epithelial cells lining airways lose their integrity, and protein rich fluid leaks into adjacent air sacs. COVID-19 can cause insufficient oxygen levels (hypoxia) that have been seen in up to 80% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients [] exhibiting respiratory distress. Decreased oxygenation and elevated carbon dioxide levels in patients’ blood have been observed, although the etiology for these findings remains unclear.

Massive oxidative damage to the lungs has been observed in areas of airspace opacification documented on chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans in patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia []. This cellular stress may indicate a biochemical rather than a viral etiology [].

Because disseminated virus can attach itself to cells containing an angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor; it can spread and damage organs and soft tissues throughout the body, including the lungs, heart, intestines, kidneys, blood vessels, fat, testes, and ovaries, among others. The disease can increase systemic inflammation and induce a hypercoagulable state. Without anticoagulation, intravascular blood clots can be devastating [].

In COVID-19 patients referred to as “long-haulers,” symptoms can wax and wane for months []. Shortness of breath, fatigue, joint pain, and chest pain can become persistent symptoms. Post-infectious brain fog, cardiac arrhythmia, and new onset hypertension have also been described. Long-term chronic complications of COVID-19 are being defined as epidemiological data are collected over time.

As our understanding of COVID-19 continues to evolve, environmental factors, particularly those of wireless communication electromagnetic fields, remain unexplored variables that may be contributing to the disease including its severity in some patients. Next, we summarize the bioeffects of WCR exposure from the peer reviewed scientific literature published over decades.

1.3. Overview on bioeffects of WCR exposure

Organisms are electrochemical beings. Low-level WCR from devices, including mobile telephony base antennas, wireless network protocols utilized for the local networking of devices and internet access, trademarked as Wi-Fi (officially IEEE 802.11b Direct Sequence protocol; IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) by the Wi-Fi alliance, and mobile phones, among others, may disrupt regulation of numerous physiological functions. Non-thermal bioeffects (below the power density that causes tissue heating) from very low-level WCR exposure have been reported in numerous peer-reviewed scientific publications at power densities below the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) exposure guidelines []. Low-level WCR has been found to impact the organism at all levels of organization, from the molecular to the cellular, physiological, behavioral, and psychological levels. Moreover, it has been shown to cause systemic detrimental health effects including increased cancer risk [], endocrine changes [], increased free radical production [], deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage [], changes to the reproductive system [], learning and memory defects [], and neurological disorders []. Having evolved within Earth’s extremely low-level natural radiofrequency background, organisms lack the ability to adapt to heightened levels of unnatural radiation of wireless communications technology with digital modulation that includes short intense pulses (bursts).

The peer-reviewed world scientific literature has documented evidence for detrimental bioeffects from WCR exposure including 5G frequencies over several decades. The Soviet and Eastern European literature from 1960 to 1970s demonstrates significant biological effects, even at exposure levels more than 1000 times below 1 mW/cm2, the current guideline for maximum public exposure in the US. Eastern studies on animal and human subjects were performed at low exposure levels (<1 mW/cm2) for long durations (typically months). Adverse bioeffects from WCR exposure levels below 0.001 mW/cm2 have also been documented in the Western literature. Damage to human sperm viability including DNA fragmentation by internet-connected laptop computers at power densities from 0.0005 to 0.001 mW/cm2 has been reported []. Chronic human exposure to 0.000006 – 0.00001 mW/cm2 produced significant changes in human stress hormones following a mobile phone base station installation []. Human exposures to cell phone radiation at 0.00001 – 0.00005 mW/cm2 resulted in complaints of headache, neurological problems, sleep problems, and concentration problems, corresponding to “microwave sickness” [,]. The effects of WCR on prenatal development in mice placed near an “antenna park” exposed to power densities from 0.000168 to 0.001053 mW/cm2 showed a progressive decrease in the number of newborns and ended in irreversible infertility []. Most US research has been performed over short durations of weeks or less. In recent years, there have been few long-term studies on animals or humans.

Illness from WCR exposure has been documented since the early use of radar. Prolonged exposure to microwaves and millimeter waves from radar was associated with various disorders termed “radio-wave sickness” decades ago by Russian scientists. A wide variety of bioeffects from nonthermal power densities of WCR were reported by Soviet research groups since the 1960s. A bibliography of over 3700 references on the reported biological effects in the world scientific literature was published in 1972 (revised 1976) by the US Naval Medical Research Institute [,]. Several relevant Russian studies are summarized as follows. Research on Escherichia coli bacteria cultures show power density windows for microwave resonance effects for 51.755 GHz stimulation of bacterial growth, observed at extremely low power densities of 10−13 mW/cm2 [], illustrating an extremely low level bioeffect. More recently Russian studies confirmed earlier results of Soviet research groups on the effects of 2.45 GHz at 0.5 mW/cm2 on rats (30 days exposure for 7 h/day), demonstrating the formation of antibodies to the brain (autoimmune response) and stress reactions []. In a long-term (1 – 4 year) study comparing children who use mobile phones to a control group, functional changes, including greater fatigue, decreased voluntary attention, and weakening of semantic memory, among other adverse psychophysiological changes, were reported []. Key Russian research reports that underlie the scientific basis for Soviet and Russian WCR exposure guidelines to protect the public, which are much lower than the US guidelines, have been summarized [].

By comparison to the exposure levels employed in these studies, we measured the ambient level of WCR from 100 MHz to 8 GHz in downtown San Francisco, California in December, 2020, and found an average power density of 0.0002 mW/cm2. This level is from the superposition of multiple WCR devices. It is approximately 2 × 1010 times above the natural background.

Pulsed radio-frequency radiation such as WCR exhibits substantially different bioeffects, both qualitatively and quantitatively (generally more pronounced) compared to continuous waves at similar time-averaged power densities []. The specific interaction mechanisms are not well understood. All types of wireless communications employ extremely low frequency (ELFs) in the modulation of the radiofrequency carrier signals, typically pulses to increase the capacity of information transmitted. This combination of radiofrequency radiation with ELF modulation(s) is generally more bioactive, as it is surmised that organisms cannot readily adapt to such rapidly changing wave forms []. Therefore, the presence of ELF components of radiofrequency waves from pulsing or other modulations must be considered in studies on the bioeffects of WCR. Unfortunately, the reporting of such modulations has been unreliable, especially in older studies [].

The BioInitiative Report [], authored by 29 experts from ten countries, and updated in 2020, provides a scholarly contemporary summary of the literature on the bioeffects and health consequences from WCR exposure, including a compendium of supporting research. Recent reviews have been published []. Two comprehensive reviews on the bioeffects of millimeter waves report that even short-term exposures produce marked bioeffects [,].

2. Methods

An ongoing literature study of the unfolding pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 was performed. To investigate a possible connection to bioeffects from WCR exposure, we examined over 250 peer-reviewed research reports from 1969 to 2021, including reviews and studies on cells, animals, and humans. We included the world literature in English and Russian reports translated to English, on radio frequencies from 600 MHz to 90 GHz, the carrier wave spectrum of WCR (2G to 5G inclusive), with particular emphasis on nonthermal, low power densities (<1 mW/cm2), and long-term exposures. The following search terms were used in queries in MEDLINE® and the Defense Technical Information Center (https://discover.dtic.mil) to find relevant study reports: radiofrequency radiation, microwave, millimeter wave, radar, MHz, GHz, blood, red blood cell, erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hemodynamic, oxygen, hypoxia, vascular, inflammation, pro-inflammatory, immune, lymphocyte, T cell, cytokine, intracellular calcium, sympathetic function, arrhythmia, heart, cardiovascular, oxidative stress, glutathione, reactive oxygen species (ROS), COVID-19, virus, and SARS-CoV-2. Occupational studies on WCR exposed workers were included in the study. Our approach is akin to Literature-Related Discovery, in which two concepts that have heretofore not been linked are explored in the literature searches to look for linkage(s) to produce novel, interesting, plausible, and intelligible knowledge, that is, potential discovery []. From analysis of these studies in comparison with new information unfolding on the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2, we identified several ways in which adverse bioeffects of WCR exposure intersect with COVID-19 manifestations and organized our findings into five categories.

3. Results

Table 1 lists the manifestations common to COVID-19 including disease progression and the corresponding adverse bioeffects from WCR exposure. Although these effects are delineated into categories — blood changes, oxidative stress, immune system disruption and activation, increased intracellular calcium (Ca2+), and cardiac effects — it must be emphasized that these effects are not independent of each other. For example, blood clotting and inflammation have overlapping mechanisms, and oxidative stress is implicated in erythrocyte morphological changes as well as in hypercoagulation, inflammation, and organ damage.

Table 1

Bioeffects of Wireless Communication Radiation (WCR) exposure in relation to COVID-19 manifestations and their progression
Wireless communications radiation (WCR) exposure bioeffects COVID-19 manifestations
Blood changes
 Short-term: rouleaux, echinocytes
 Long-term: reduced blood clotting time, reduced hemoglobin, hemodynamic disorders
Blood changes
 Rouleaux, echinocytes
 Hemoglobin effects; vascular effects
 →Reduced hemoglobin in severe disease; autoimmune hemolytic anemia; hypoxemia and hypoxia
 →Endothelial injury; impaired microcirculation; hypercoagulation; disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC); pulmonary embolism; stroke
Oxidative stress
 Glutathione level decrease; free radicals and lipid peroxide increase; superoxide dismutase activity decrease; oxidative injury in tissues and organs
Oxidative stress
 Glutathione level decrease; free radical increase and damage; apoptosis→Oxidative injury; organ damage in severe disease
Immune system disruption and activation
 Immune suppression in some studies; immune hyperactivation in other studies
 Long-term: suppression of T-lymphocytes; inflammatory biomarkers increased; autoimmunity; organ injury
Immune system disruption and activation
 Decreased production of T-lymphocytes; elevated inflammatory biomarkers.
 →Immune hyperactivation and inflammation; cytokine storm in severe disease; cytokine-induced hypo-perfusion with resulting hypoxia; organ injury; organ failure
Increased intracellular calcium
 From activation of voltage-gated calcium channels on cell membranes, with numerous secondary effects
Increased intracellular calcium
 →Increased virus entry, replication, and release
 →Increased NF-κB, pro-inflammatory processes, coagulation, and thrombosis
Cardiac effects
 Up-regulation of sympathetic nervous system; palpitations and arrhythmias
Cardiac effects
 →Myocarditis; myocardial ischemia; cardiac injury; cardiac failure

Supportive evidence including study details and citations are provided in the text under each subject heading, i.e., blood changes, oxidative stress, etc.

3.1. Blood changes

WCR exposure can cause morphologic changes in blood readily seen through phase contrast or dark-field microscopy of live peripheral blood samples. In 2013, Havas observed erythrocyte aggregation including rouleaux (rolls of stacked red blood cells) in live peripheral blood samples following 10 min human exposure to a 2.4 GHz cordless phone []. Although not peer reviewed, one of us (Rubik) investigated the effect of 4G LTE mobile phone radiation on the peripheral blood of ten human subjects, each of whom had been exposed to cell phone radiation for two consecutive 45-min intervals []. Two types of effects were observed: increased stickiness and clumping of red blood cells with rouleaux formation, and subsequent formation of echinocytes (spiky red blood cells). Red blood cell clumping and aggregation are known to be actively involved in blood clotting []. The prevalence of this phenomenon on exposure to WCR in the human population has not yet been determined. Larger controlled studies should be performed to further investigate this phenomenon.

Similar red blood cell changes have been described in peripheral blood of COVID-19 patients []. Rouleaux formation has been observed in 1/3 of COVID-19 patients, whereas spherocytes and echinocyte formation is more variable. Spike protein engagement with ACE2 receptors on cells lining the blood vessels can lead to endothelial damage, even when isolated []. Rouleaux formation, particularly in the setting of underlying endothelial damage, can clog the microcirculation, impeding oxygen transport, contributing to hypoxia, and increasing the risk of thrombosis []. Thrombogenesis associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection may also be caused by direct viral binding to ACE2 receptors on platelets [].

Additional blood effects have been observed in both humans and animals exposed to WCR. In 1977, a Russian study reported that rodents irradiated with 5 – 8 mm waves (60 – 37 GHz) at 1 mW/cm2 for 15 min/day over 60 days developed hemodynamic disorders, suppressed red blood cell formation, reduced hemoglobin, and an inhibition of oxygen utilization (oxidative phosphorylation by the mitochondria) []. In 1978, a 3-year Russian study on 72 engineers exposed to millimeter wave generators emitting at 1 mW/cm2 or less showed a decrease in their hemoglobin levels and red blood cell counts, and a tendency toward hypercoagulation, whereas a control group showed no changes []. Such deleterious hematologic effects from WCR exposure may also contribute to the development of hypoxia and blood clotting observed in COVID-19 patients.

It has been proposed that the SARS-CoV-2 virus attacks erythrocytes and causes degradation of hemoglobin []. Viral proteins may attack the 1-beta chain of hemoglobin and capture the porphyrin, along with other proteins from the virus catalyzing the dissociation of iron from heme []. In principle this would reduce the number of functional erythrocytes and cause the release of free iron ions that could cause oxidative stress, tissue damage, and hypoxia. With hemoglobin partially destroyed and lung tissue damaged by inflammation, patients would be less able to exchange carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2), and would become oxygen depleted. In fact, some COVID-19 patients show reduced hemoglobin levels, measuring 7.1 g/L and even as low as 5.9 g/L in severe cases []. Clinical studies of almost 100 patients from Wuhan revealed that the hemoglobin levels in the blood of most patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 are significantly lowered resulting in compromised delivery of oxygen to tissues and organs []. In a meta-analysis of four studies with a total of 1210 patients and 224 with severe disease, hemoglobin values were reduced in COVID-19 patients with severe disease compared to those with milder forms []. In another study on 601 COVID-19 patients, 14.7% of anemic COVID-19 ICU patients and 9% of non-ICU COVID-19 patients had autoimmune hemolytic anemia []. In patients with severe COVID-19 disease, decreased hemoglobin along with elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, albumin [], serum ferritin [], and low oxygen saturation [] provide additional support for this hypothesis. In addition, packed red blood cell transfusion may promote recovery of COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory failure [].

In short, both WCR exposure and COVID-19 may cause deleterious effects on red blood cells and reduced hemoglobin levels contributing to hypoxia in COVID-19. Endothelial injury may further contribute to hypoxia and many of the vascular complications seen in COVID-19 [] that are discussed in the next section.

3.2. Oxidative stress

Oxidative stress is a non-specific pathological condition reflecting an imbalance between an increased production of ROS and an inability of the organism to detoxify the ROS or to repair the damage they cause to biomolecules and tissues []. Oxidative stress can disrupt cell signaling, cause the formation of stress proteins, and generate highly reactive free radicals, which can cause DNA and cell membrane damage.

SARS-CoV-2 inhibits intrinsic pathways designed to reduce ROS levels, thereby increasing morbidity. Immune dysregulation, that is, the upregulation of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) [] and suppression of interferon (IFN) α and IFN β [] have been identified in the cytokine storm accompanying severe COVID-19 infections and generates oxidative stress []. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction may further perpetuate the cytokine storm, worsening tissue damage, and increasing the risk of severe illness and death.

Similarly low-level WCR generates ROS in cells that cause oxidative damage. In fact, oxidative stress is considered to be one of the primary mechanisms in which WCR exposure causes cellular damage. Among 100 currently available peer-reviewed studies investigating oxidative effects of low-intensity WCR, 93 of these studies confirmed that WCR induces oxidative effects in biological systems []. WCR is an oxidative agent with a high pathogenic potential especially when exposure is continuous [].

Oxidative stress is also an accepted mechanism causing endothelial damage []. This may manifest in patients with severe COVID-19 in addition to increasing the risk for blood clot formation and worsening hypoxemia []. Low levels of glutathione, the master antioxidant, have been observed in a small group of COVID-19 patients, with the lowest level found in the most severe cases []. The finding of low glutathione levels in these patients further supports oxidative stress as a component of this disease []. In fact, glutathione, the major source of sulfhydryl-based antioxidant activity in the human body, may be pivotal in COVID-19 []. Glutathione deficiency has been proposed as the most likely cause of serious manifestations in COVID-19 []. The most common co-morbidities, hypertension []; obesity []; diabetes []; and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [] support the concept that pre-existing conditions causing low levels of glutathione may work synergistically to create the “perfect storm” for both the respiratory and vascular complications of severe infection. Another paper citing two cases of COVID-19 pneumonia treated successfully with intravenous glutathione also supports this hypothesis [].

Many studies report oxidative stress in humans exposed to WCR. Peraica et al. [] found diminished blood levels of glutathione in workers exposed to WCR from radar equipment (0.01 mW/cm2 – 10 mW/cm2; 1.5 – 10.9 GHz). Garaj-Vrhovac et al. [] studied bioeffects following exposure to non-thermal pulsed microwaves from marine radar (3 GHz, 5.5 GHz, and 9.4 GHz) and reported reduced glutathione levels and increased malondialdehyde (marker for oxidative stress) in an occupationally exposed group []. Blood plasma of individuals residing near mobile phone base stations showed significantly reduced glutathione, catalase, and superoxide dismutase levels over unexposed controls []. In a study on human exposure to WCR from mobile phones, increased blood levels of lipid peroxide were reported, while enzymatic activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in the red blood cells decreased, indicating oxidative stress [].

In a study on rats exposed to 2450 MHz (wireless router frequency), oxidative stress was implicated in causing red blood cell lysis (hemolysis) []. In another study, rats exposed to 945 MHz (base station frequency) at 0.367 mW/cm2 for 7 h/day, over 8 days, demonstrated low glutathione levels and increased malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase enzyme activity, hallmarks for oxidative stress []. In a long-term controlled study on rats exposed to 900 MHz (mobile phone frequency) at 0.0782 mW/cm2 for 2 h/day for 10 months, there was a significant increase in malondialdehyde and total oxidant status over controls []. In another long-term controlled study on rats exposed to two mobile phone frequencies, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz, at power densities 0.04 – 0.127 mW/cm2 for 2 h/day over 7 months, significant alterations in oxidant-antioxidant parameters, DNA strand breaks, and oxidative DNA damage were found [].

There is a correlation between oxidative stress and thrombogenesis []. ROS can cause endothelial dysfunction and cellular damage. The endothelial lining of the vascular system contains ACE2 receptors that are targeted by SARS-CoV-2. The resulting endotheliitis can cause luminal narrowing and result in diminished blood flow to downstream structures. Thrombi in arterial structures can further obstruct blood flow causing ischemia and/or infarcts in involved organs, including pulmonary emboli and strokes. Abnormal blood coagulation leading to micro-emboli was a recognized complication early in the history of COVID-19 []. Out of 184 ICU COVID-19 patients, 31% showed thrombotic complications []. Cardiovascular clotting events are a common cause of COVID-19 deaths []. Pulmonary embolism, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), liver, cardiac, and renal failure have all been observed in COVID-19 patients [].

Patients with the highest cardiovascular risk factors in COVID-19 includ males, the elderly, diabetics, and obese and hypertensive patients. However, increased incidence of strokes in younger patients with COVID-19 has also been described [].

Oxidative stress is caused by WCR exposure and is known to be implicated in cardiovascular disease. Ubiquitous environmental exposure to WCR may contribute to cardiovascular disease by creating a chronic state of oxidative stress []. This would lead to oxidative damage to cellular constituents and alter signal transduction pathways. In addition, pulse-modulated WCR can cause oxidative injury in liver, lung, testis, and heart tissues mediated by lipid peroxidation, increased levels of nitric oxides, and suppression of the antioxidant defense mechanism [].

In summary, oxidative stress is a major component in the pathophysiology of COVID-19 as well as in cellular damage caused by WCR exposure.

3.3. Immune system disruption and activation

When SARS-CoV-2 first infects the human body, it attacks cells lining the nose, throat, and upper airway harboring ACE2 receptors. Once the virus gains access to a host cell through one of its spike proteins, which are the multiple protuberances projecting from the viral envelope that bind to ACE2 receptors, it converts the cell into a virus self-replicating entity.

In response to COVID-19 infection, both an immediate systemic innate immune response as well as a delayed adaptive response has been shown to occur []. The virus can also cause a dysregulation of the immune response, particularly in the decreased production of T-lymphocytes. []. Severe cases tend to have lower lymphocyte counts, higher leukocyte counts and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios, as well as lower percentages of monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils []. Severe cases of COVID-19 show the greatest impairment in T-lymphocytes.

In comparison, low-level WCR studies on laboratory animals also show impaired immune function []. Findings include physical alterations in immune cells, a degradation of immunological responses, inflammation, and tissue damage. Baranski [] exposed guinea pigs and rabbits to continuous or pulse-modulated 3000 MHz microwaves at an average power density of 3.5 mW/cm2 for 3 h/day over 3 months and found nonthermal changes in lymphocyte counts, abnormalities in nuclear structure, and mitosis in the erythroblastic cell series in the bone marrow and in lymphoid cells in lymph nodes and spleen. Other investigators have shown diminished T-lymphocytes or suppressed immune function in animals exposed to WCR. Rabbits exposed to 2.1 GHz at 5mW/cm2 for 3 h/day, 6 days/week, for 3 months, showed suppression of T-lymphocytes []. Rats exposed to 2.45 GHz and 9.7 GHz for 2 h/day, 7 days/week, for 21 months showed a significant decrease in the levels of lymphocytes and an increase in mortality at 25 months in the irradiated group []. Lymphocytes harvested from rabbits irradiated with 2.45 GHz for 23 h/day for 6 months show a significant suppression in immune response to a mitogen [].

In 2009, Johansson conducted a literature review, which included the 2007 Bioinitiative Report. He concluded that electromagnetic fields (EMF) exposure, including WCR, can disturb the immune system and cause allergic and inflammatory responses at exposure levels significantly less than current national and international safety limits and raise the risk for systemic disease []. A review conducted by Szmigielski in 2013 concluded that weak RF/microwave fields, such as those emitted by mobile phones, can affect various immune functions both in vitro and in vivo []. Although the effects are historically somewhat inconsistent, most research studies document alterations in the number and activity of immune cells from RF exposure. In general, short-term exposure to weak microwave radiation may temporarily stimulate an innate or adaptive immune response, but prolonged irradiation inhibits those same functions.

In the acute phase of COVID-19 infection, blood tests demonstrate elevated ESR, C-reactive protein, and other elevated inflammatory markers [], typical of an innate immune response. Rapid viral replication can cause death of epithelial and endothelial cells and result in leaky blood vessels and pro-inflammatory cytokine release []. Cytokines, proteins, peptides, and proteoglycans that modulate the body’s immune response, are modestly elevated in patients with mild-to-moderate disease severity []. In those with severe disease, an uncontrolled release of pro-inflammatory cytokines–a cytokine storm–can occur. Cytokine storms originate from an imbalance in T-cell activation with dysregulated release of IL-6, IL-17, and other cytokines. Programmed cell death (apoptosis), ARDS, DIC, and multi-organ system failure can all result from a cytokine storm and increase the risk of mortality.

By comparison, Soviet researchers found in the 1970s that radiofrequency radiation can damage the immune system of animals. Shandala [] exposed rats to 0.5 mW/cm2 microwaves for 1 month, 7 h/day, and found impaired immune competence and induction of autoimmune disease. Rats irradiated with 2.45 GHz at 0.5 mW/cm2 for 7 h daily for 30 days produced autoimmune reactions, and 0.1 – 0.5 mW/cm2 produced persistent pathological immune reactions []. Exposure to microwave radiation, even at low levels (0.1 – 0.5 mW/cm2), can impair immune function, causing physical alterations in the essential cells of the immune system and a degradation of immunologic responses []. Szabo et al. [] examined the effects of 61.2 GHz exposure on epidermal keratinocytes and found an increase in IL-1b, a pro-inflammatory cytokine. Makar et al. [] found that immunosuppressed mice irradiated 30 min/day for 3 days by 42.2 GHz showed increased levels of TNF-α, a cytokine produced by macrophages.

In short, COVID-19 can lead to immune dysregulation as well as cytokine storms. By comparison, exposure to low-level WCR as observed in animal studies can also compromise the immune system, with chronic daily exposure producing immunosuppression or immune dysregulation including hyperactivation.

3.4. Increased intracellular calcium

In 1992, Walleczek first suggested that ELF electromagnetic fields (<3000 Hz) may be affecting membrane-mediated Ca2+ signaling and lead to increased intracellular Ca2+ []. The mechanism of irregular gating of voltage-gated ion channels in cell membranes by polarized and coherent, oscillating electric or magnetic fields was first presented in 2000 and 2002 [,]. Pall [] in his review of WCR-induced bioeffects combined with use of calcium channel blockers (CCB) noted that voltage-gated calcium channels play a major role in WCR bioeffects. Increased intracellular Ca+2 results from the activation of voltage-gated calcium channels, and this may be one of the primary mechanisms of action of WCR on organisms.

Intracellular Ca2+ is essential for virus entry, replication, and release. It has been reported that some viruses can manipulate voltage-gated calcium channels to increase intracellular Ca2+ thereby facilitating viral entry and replication []. Research has shown that the interaction between a virus and voltage-gated calcium channels promote virus entry at the virus-host cell fusion step []. Thus, after the virus binds to its receptor on a host cell and enters the cell through endocytosis, the virus takes over the host cell to manufacture its components. Certain viral proteins then manipulate calcium channels, thereby increasing intracellular Ca2+, which facilitates further viral replication.

Even though direct evidence has not been reported, there is indirect evidence that increased intracellular Ca2+ may be involved in COVID-19. In a recent study, elderly hospitalized COVID-19 patients treated with CCBs, amlodipine or nifedipine, were more likely to survive and less likely to require intubation or mechanical ventilation than controls []. Furthermore, CCBs strongly limit SARS-CoV-2 entry and infection in cultured epithelial lung cells []. CCBs also block the increase of intracellular Ca2+ caused by WCR exposure as well as exposure to other electromagnetic fields [].

Intracellular Ca2+ is a ubiquitous second messenger relaying signals received by cell surface receptors to effector proteins involved in numerous biochemical processes. Increased intracellular Ca2+ is a significant factor in upregulation of transcription nuclear factor KB (NF-κB) [], an important regulator of pro-inflammatory cytokine production as well as coagulation and thrombotic cascades. NF-κB is hypothesized to be a key factor underlying severe clinical manifestations of COVID-19 [].

In short, WCR exposure, therefore, may enhance the infectivity of the virus by increasing intracellular Ca2+ that may also indirectly contribute to inflammatory processes and thrombosis.

3.5. Cardiac effects

Cardiac arrhythmias are more commonly encountered in critically ill patients with COVID-19 []. The cause for arrhythmia in COVID-19 patients is multifactorial and includes cardiac and extra-cardiac processes []. Direct infection of the heart muscle by SARS-CoV-19 causing myocarditis, myocardial ischemia caused by a variety of etiologies, and heart strain secondary to pulmonary or systemic hypertension can result in cardiac arrhythmia. Hypoxemia caused by diffuse pneumonia, ARDS, or extensive pulmonary emboli represent extra-cardiac causes of arrhythmia. Electrolyte imbalances, intravascular fluid imbalance, and side effects from pharmacologic regimens can also result in arrhythmias in COVID-19 patients. Patients admitted to ICUs have been shown to have a higher increase in cardiac arrhythmias, 16.5% in one study []. Although no correlation between EMFs and arrhythmia in COVID-19 patients has been described in the literature, many ICUs are equipped with wireless patient monitoring equipment and communication devices producing a wide range of EMF pollution [].

COVID-19 patients commonly show increased levels of cardiac troponin, indicating damage to the heart muscle []. Cardiac damage has been associated with arrhythmias and increased mortality. Cardiac injury is thought to be more often secondary to pulmonary emboli and viral sepsis, but direct infection of the heart, that is, myocarditis, can occur through direct viral binding to ACE2 receptors on cardiac pericytes, affecting local, and regional cardiac blood flow [].

Immune system activation along with alterations in the immune system may result in atherosclerotic plaque instability and vulnerability, that is, presenting an increased risk for thrombus formation, and contributing to development of acute coronary events and cardiovascular disease in COVID-19.

Regarding WCR exposure bioeffects, in 1969 Christopher Dodge of the Biosciences Division, U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington DC, reviewed 54 papers and reported that radiofrequency radiation can adversely affect all major systems of the body, including impeding blood circulation; altering blood pressure and heart rate; affecting electrocardiograph readings; and causing chest pain and heart palpitations []. In the 1970s Glaser reviewed more than 2000 publications on radiofrequency radiation exposure bioeffects and concluded that microwave radiation can alter the electrocardiogram, cause chest pain, hypercoagulation, thrombosis, and hypertension in addition to myocardial infarction [,]. Seizures, convulsions, and alteration of the autonomic nervous system response (increased sympathetic stress response) have also been observed.

Since then, many other researchers have concluded that WCR exposure can affect the cardiovascular system. Although the nature of the primary response to millimeter waves and consequent events are poorly understood, a possible role for receptor structures and neural pathways in the development of continuous millimeter wave-induced arrhythmia has been proposed []. In 1997, a review reported that some investigators discovered cardiovascular changes including arrhythmias in humans from long-term low-level exposure to WCR including microwaves []. However, the literature also shows some unconfirmed findings as well as some contradictory findings []. Havas et al. [] reported that human subjects in a controlled, double-blinded study were hyper-reactive when exposed to 2.45 GHz, digitally pulsed (100 Hz) microwave radiation, developing either an arrhythmia or tachycardia and upregulation of the sympathetic nervous system, which is associated with the stress response. Saili et al. [] found that exposure to Wi-Fi (2.45 GHz pulsed at 10 Hz) affects heart rhythm, blood pressure, and the efficacy of catecholamines on the cardiovascular system, indicating that WCR can act directly and/or indirectly on the cardiovascular system. Most recently, Bandara and Weller [] present evidence that people who live near radar installations (millimeter waves: 5G frequencies) have a greater risk of developing cancer and experiencing heart attacks. Similarly, those occupationally exposed have a greater risk of coronary heart disease. Microwave radiation affects the heart, and some people are more vulnerable if they have an underlying heart abnormality []. More recent research suggests that millimeter waves may act directly on the pacemaker cells of the sinoatrial node of the heart to change the beat frequency, which may underlie arrhythmias and other cardiac issues [].

In short, both COVID-19 and WCR exposure can affect the heart and cardiovascular system, directly and/or indirectly.

4. Discussion

Epidemiologists, including those at the CDC, consider multiple causal factors when evaluating the virulence of an agent and understanding its ability to spread and cause disease. Most importantly, these variables include environmental cofactors and the health status of the host. Evidence from the literature summarized here suggests a possible connection between several adverse health effects of WCR exposure and the clinical course of COVID-19 in that WCR may have worsened the COVID-19 pandemic by weakening the host and exacerbating COVID-19 disease. However, none of the observations discussed here prove this linkage. Specifically, the evidence does not confirm causation. Clearly COVID-19 occurs in regions with little wireless communication. Furthermore, the relative morbidity caused by WCR exposure in COVID-19 is unknown.

We recognize that many factors have influenced the pandemic’s course. Before restrictions were imposed, travel patterns facilitated the seeding of the virus, causing early rapid global spread. Population density, higher mean population age, and socioeconomic factors certainly influenced early viral spread. Air pollution, especially particulate matter PM2.5 (2.5 micro-particulates), likely increased symptoms in patients with COVID-19 lung disease [].

We postulate that WCR possibly contributed to the early spread and severity of COVID-19. Once an agent becomes established in a community, its virulence increases []. This premise can be applied to the COVID-19 pandemic. We surmise that “hot spots” of the disease that initially spread around the world were perhaps seeded by air travel, which in some areas were associated with 5G implementation. However, once the disease became established in those communities, it was able to spread more easily to neighboring regions where populations were less exposed to WCR. Second and third waves of the pandemic disseminated widely throughout communities with and without WCR, as might be expected.

The COVID-19 pandemic has offered us an opportunity to delve further into the potential adverse effects of WCR exposure on human health. Human exposure to ambient WCR significantly increased in 2020 as a “side effect” to the pandemic. Stay-at-home measures designed to reduce the spread of COVID-19 inadvertently resulted in greater public exposure to WCR, as people conducted more business and school related activities through wireless communications. Telemedicine created another source of WCR exposure. Even hospital inpatients, particular ICU patients, experienced increased WCR exposure as new monitoring devices utilized wireless communication systems that may exacerbate health disorders. It would potentially provide valuable information to measure ambient WCR power densities in home and work environments when comparing disease severity in patient populations with similar risk factors.

The question of causation could be investigated in future studies. For example, a clinical study could be conducted in COVID-19 patient populations with similar risk factors, to measure the WCR daily dose in COVID-19 patients and look for a correlation with disease severity and progression over time. As wireless device carrier frequencies and modulations may differ, and the power densities of WCR fluctuate constantly at a given location, this study would require patients to wear personal microwave dosimeters (monitoring badges). In addition, controlled laboratory studies could be conducted on animals, for example, humanized mice infected with SARS-CoV-2, in which groups of animals exposed to minimal WCR (control group) as well as medium and high power densities of WCR could be compared for disease severity and progression.

A major strength of this paper is that the evidence rests on a large body of scientific literature reported by many scientists worldwide and over several decades–experimental evidence of adverse bioeffects of WCR exposure at nonthermal levels on humans, animals, and cells. The Bioinitiative Report [], updated in 2020, summarizes hundreds of peer-reviewed scientific papers documenting evidence of nonthermal effects from exposures ≤1 mW/cm2. Even so, some laboratory studies on the adverse health effects of WCR have sometimes utilized power densities exceeding 1mW/cm2. In this paper, almost all of the studies that we reviewed included experimental data at power densities ≤1 mW/cm2.

A potential criticism of this paper is that adverse bioeffects from nonthermal exposures are not yet universally accepted in science. Moreover, they are not yet considered in establishing public health policy in many nations. Decades ago, Russians and Eastern Europeans compiled considerable data on nonthermal bioeffects, and subsequently set guidelines at lower radiofrequency radiation exposure limits than the US and Canada, that is, below levels where nonthermal effects are observed. However, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC, a US government entity) and ICNIRP guidelines operate on thermal limits based on outdated data from decades ago, allowing the public to be exposed to considerably higher radiofrequency radiation power densities. Regarding 5G, the telecommunication industry claims that it is safe because it complies with current radiofrequency radiation exposure guidelines of the FCC and ICNIRP. These guidelines were established in 1996 [], are antiquated, and are not safety standards. Thus, there are no universally accepted safety standards for wireless communication radiation exposure. Recently international bodies, such as the EMF Working Group of the European Academy of Environmental Medicine, have proposed much lower guidelines, taking into account nonthermal bioeffects from WCR exposure in multiple sources [].

Another weakness of this paper is that some of the bioeffects from WCR exposure are inconsistently reported in the literature. Replicated studies are often not true replications. Small differences in method, including unreported details, such as prior history of exposure of the organisms, non-uniform body exposure, and other variables can lead to inadvertent inconsistency. Moreover, not surprisingly, industry-sponsored studies tend to show less adverse bioeffects than studies conducted by independent researchers, suggesting industry bias []. Some experimental studies that are not industry-sponsored have also shown no evidence of harmful effects of WCR exposure. It is noteworthy, however, that studies employing real-life WCR exposures from commercially available devices have shown high consistency in revealing adverse effects [].

WCR bioeffects depend on specific values of wave parameters including frequency, power density, polarization, exposure duration, modulation characteristics, as well as the cumulative history of exposure and background levels of electromagnetic, electric and magnetic fields. In laboratory studies, bioeffects observed also depend on genetic parameters and physiological parameters such as oxygen concentration []. The reproducibility of bioeffects of WCR exposure has sometimes been difficult due to failure to report and/or control all of these parameters. Similar to ionizing radiation, the bioeffects of WCR exposure can be subdivided into deterministic, that is, dose-dependent effects and stochastic effects that are seemingly random. Importantly, WCR bioeffects can also involve “response windows” of specific parameters whereby extremely low-level fields can have disproportionally detrimental effects []. This nonlinearity of WCR bioeffects can result in biphasic responses such as immune suppression from one range of parameters, and immune hyperactivation from another range of parameters, leading to variations that may appear inconsistent.

In gathering reports and examining existing data for this paper, we looked for outcomes providing evidence to support a proposed connection between the bioeffects of WCR exposure and COVID-19. We did not make an attempt to weigh the evidence. The radiofrequency radiation exposure literature is extensive and currently contains over 30,000 research reports dating back several decades. Inconsistencies in nomenclature, reporting of details, and cataloging of keywords make it difficult to navigate this enormous literature.

Another shortcoming of this paper is that we do not have access to experimental data on 5G exposures. In fact, little is known about population exposure from real-world WCR, which includes exposure to WCR infrastructure and the plethora of WCR emitting devices. In relation to this, it is difficult to accurately quantify the average power density at a given location, which varies greatly, depending on the time, specific location, time-averaging interval, frequency, and modulation scheme. For a specific municipality it depends on the antenna density, which network protocols are used, as, for example, 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G, Wi-Fi, WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), DECT (Digitally Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications), and RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging). There is also WCR from ubiquitous radio wave transmitters, including antennas, base stations, smart meters, mobile phones, routers, satellites, and other wireless devices currently in use. All of these signals superimpose to yield the total average power density at a given location that typically fluctuates greatly over time. No experimental studies on adverse health effects or safety issues of 5G have been reported, and none are currently planned by the industry, although this is sorely needed.

Finally, there is an inherent complexity to WCR that makes it very difficult to fully characterize wireless signals in the real world that may be associated with adverse bioeffects. Real world digital communication signals, even from single wireless devices, have highly variable signals: variable power density, frequency, modulation, phase, and other parameters changing constantly and unpredictably each moment, as associated with the short, rapid pulsations used in digital wireless communication []. For example, in using a mobile phone during a typical phone conversation, the intensity of emitted radiation varies significantly each moment depending on signal reception, number of subscribers sharing the frequency band, location within the wireless infrastructure, presence of objects and metallic surfaces, and “speaking” versus “non-speaking” mode, among others. Such variations may reach 100% of the average signal intensity. The carrier radiofrequency constantly changes between different values within the available frequency band. The greater the amount of information (text, speech, internet, video, etc.), the more complex the communication signals become. Therefore, we cannot estimate accurately the values of these signal parameters including ELF components or predict their variability over time. Thus, studies on the bioeffects of WCR in the laboratory can only be representative of real-world exposures [].

This paper points to the need for further research on nonthermal WCR exposure and its potential role in COVID-19. Moreover, some of the WCR exposure bioeffects that we discuss here — oxidative stress, inflammation, and immune system disruption — are common to many chronic diseases, including autoimmune disease and diabetes. Thus, we hypothesize that WCR exposure may also be a potential contributing factor in many chronic diseases.

When a course of action raises threats of harm to human health, precautionary measures should be taken, even if clear causal relationships are not yet fully established. Therefore, we must apply the Precautionary Principle [] regarding wireless 5G. The authors urge policymakers to execute an immediate worldwide moratorium on wireless 5G infrastructure until its safety can be assured.

Several unresolved safety issues should be addressed before wireless 5G is further implemented. Questions have been raised about 60 GHz, a key 5G frequency planned for extensive use, which is a resonant frequency of the oxygen molecule []. It is possible that adverse bioeffects might ensue from oxygen absorption of 60 GHz. In addition, water shows broad absorption in the GHz spectral region along with resonance peaks, for example, strong absorption at 2.45 GHz that is used in 4G Wi-Fi routers. This raises safety issues about GHz exposure of the biosphere, since organisms are comprised of mostly water, and changes in the structure of water due to GHz absorption have been reported that affect organisms []. Bioeffects from prolonged WCR exposure of the whole body need to be investigated in animal and human studies, and long-term exposure guidelines need to be considered. Independent scientists in particular should conduct concerted research to determine the biological effects of real-world exposure to WCR frequencies with digital modulation from the multiplicity of wireless communication devices. Testing could also include real-life exposures to multiple toxins (chemical and biological) [], because multiple toxins may lead to synergistic effects. Environmental impact assessments are also needed. Once the long-term biological effects of wireless 5G are understood, we can set clear safety standards of public exposure limits and design an appropriate strategy for safe deployment.

5. Conclusion

There is a substantial overlap in pathobiology between COVID-19 and WCR exposure. The evidence presented here indicates that mechanisms involved in the clinical progression of COVID-19 could also be generated, according to experimental data, by WCR exposure. Therefore, we propose a link between adverse bioeffects of WCR exposure from wireless devices and COVID-19.

Specifically, evidence presented here supports a premise that WCR and, in particular, 5G, which involves densification of 4G, may have exacerbated the COVID-19 pandemic by weakening host immunity and increasing SARS-CoV-2 virulence by (1) causing morphologic changes in erythrocytes including echinocyte and rouleaux formation that may be contributing to hypercoagulation; (2) impairing microcirculation and reducing erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels exacerbating hypoxia; (3) amplifying immune dysfunction, including immunosuppression, autoimmunity, and hyperinflammation; (4) increasing cellular oxidative stress and the production of free radicals exacerbating vascular injury and organ damage; (5) increasing intracellular Ca2+ essential for viral entry, replication, and release, in addition to promoting pro-inflammatory pathways; and (6) worsening heart arrhythmias and cardiac disorders.

WCR exposure is a widespread, yet often neglected, environmental stressor that can produce a wide range of adverse bioeffects. For decades, independent research scientists worldwide have emphasized the health risks and cumulative damage caused by WCR [,]. The evidence presented here is consistent with a large body of established research. Healthcare workers and policymakers should consider WCR a potentially toxic environmental stressor. Methods for reducing WCR exposure should be provided to all patients and the general population.


Expert Report on Fifth Generation (5G) Directed Energy Radiation Emissions in the Context of Nanometal-contaminated Vaccines that include Covid-19 with Graphite Ferrous Oxide Antennas

  • Post published:1 February 2022

Expert Report on Fifth Generation (5G) Directed Energy Radiation
Emissions in the Context of Nanometal-contaminated Vaccines that include
Covid-19 with Graphite Ferrous Oxide Antennas
Download from Internet here
Prepared at the request of international lawyers
Prepared by Mark Steele, Chief Technology Officer (CTO), Reevu (HUD) Head Up
Display Company and SaveUsNow
Table of Contents
I. Introduction
II. 5G urban radar, ionizing radiation and critical infrastructure risks
III. Vaccination metamaterials, nanoparticle contamination magnetic fields
IV. Radiation-induced coronavirus Covid-19 symptoms
V. Augmented humans increasing mortality in 5G radiation fields
VI. Conclusion
I. Introduction
I write this expert report as a British engineer, inventor, patent writer and weapons research
scientist; an engineer with a materials science background, and inventor of the world’s first
binocular optical wave guides, weapons sight systems, infrared thermal imaging head up
displays, molecular reactors, signal processing, and transducer design, to name a limited few.
As Chief Technology Officer (CTO) at the company that designed and brought to market the
world’s first internationally approved head up display (HUD) product, accredited with a
number of innovation awards, but more importantly regulated to a number of internationally
recognized standards, including (DOT) Department of Transport ECE 22.05, as well as ANSI
and others, I was relied upon in the establishment of international standards for augmented
reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) HUD systems. Refer to Exhibit 2a, from patent attorney,
Ex. 2b from Recorder Nolan, Ex. 2c Cyber Command, Ex. 2d Standards for HUD systems,
Ex. 2di appendix.
Cyber Command USA had been made aware of my expertise and specifically requested my
advice with regard to an unusual 5G antenna design deployed across the USA. I have been
extremely fortunate that most (but not all) of my research and product development work has
been carried out outside of the Official Secrets Acts (OSA) legislation. I have acted as a
witness and provided statements in several court cases, exposing the lack of any credible
evidence that the 5G light-emitting diode (LED) network and planned neural connection to
the 5G grid are safe. This includes nano metamaterial technologies that are contaminating
vaccinations, that are not legal or lawful, and that breach a number of international and
domestic laws. Judge Nolan at Newcastle Crown Court stated that “The 5G risk must be
debated” and that “This is a democracy and the public have a right to know”. The evidence I
presented to the court defeated the attempt by the local authorities and actors in the British
establishment to silence me from providing the published scientific evidence on the risks
posed to the public and environment from the 5G urban radar network and its ultimate
purpose. The failed court action taken by the local authority created a publicity storm that
helped to highlight the actual risks from the 5G deployment across the world, as well as the
total lack of care taken by regulators allowing this 5G deployment.
My involvement with several research and development projects spans my entire working
career and includes some of a sensitive nature due to Official Secrets Act 1911 restrictions
and therefore I am not at liberty to disclose these in a public domain; suffice to say this work
has led to an understanding of Department of Defense (DOD) contracts, the
compartmentalization of weapon product design projects, and Directed Energy Weapons
(DEW), whose existence has until recently been obscured and sometimes denied. I.1.
The use of directional microwave radiation weapons by unknown actors on US embassies in
Cuba, China and Russia, known as Havana Syndrome, is still not fully recognized by the
authorities. Havana Syndrome bears all the hallmarks of microwave radiation emissions,
which have left victims suffering significant and irreparable neurological damage, among
other injuries. The US government has been unable to keep these weapons secret and recently
passed a bill to compensate embassy staff victims. I.2
The US intelligence agencies, in their communications with the Russian government, confirm
that they already knew of the existence and capability of microwave radiation weapons and
their appeal to their assumed Russian adversaries was for the cessation of the use of these
weapons against their embassies. I.3
My research field also covers other battlefield interrogation and weapon systems, including
Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS), I.4

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV), Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR), phased
array radar technologies, including 5G for tracking weapons platforms, as well as biological
assets on and off the battlefield that are increasingly used in a civilian setting to include facial
recognition technologies, autonomous electric vehicles, drones, none of which have been
fully environmentally assessed for harm from their radiation emissions to the general public
or wildlife. I.5
I.1 https://info.publicintelligence.net/USAF-DEW.pdf
I.2 https://thehill.com/homenews/house/573302-house-passes-bill-to-compensate-havanasyndrome-victims
I.3 https://usareally.com/11737-cia-director-tells-russia-not-to-use-microwave-radiationagainst-american-spies
I.4 https://css.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/gess/cis/center-for-securitiesstudies/pdfs/CSSAnalyse164-EN.pdf
I.5 https://idstch.com/technology/photonics/critical-technologies-lidar-developed/
II. 5G urban radar, ionizing radiation and critical infrastructure risks
5G, unlike all of the other generations (Gs) of telecommunications, is technically identified as
an urban radar directed energy in air emission, which requires the antenna to be designed to
cause the focused energy in air for the high-speed compression of data to and from antennas
designed to send and receive focused energy through a theoretical collimated and coherent
signal. II.1
The beam forming wave in the main lobe emission breaches the International Commission on
Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guideline of 61V for a maximum exposure of
6 minutes. II.2
This ICNIRP guideline is contrary to the Council of Europe (COE) 1815 Resolution and to
the European 2016 guideline, which confirm the published peer-reviewed science that
anything over 600 mV/m should be limited to short-term exposure, and long-term exposure
should be no more than 200 mV/m. This is orders of magnitude lower than the 6-minute,
61,000 mV ICNIRP guideline, which is a biological cooking value. ICNIRP is widely
acknowledged to be a “captured agency”, as confirmed in the Italian courts. II.3
The sweeping movement of the beam wave at over 13.6V causes the positive charging of air,
which is noxious to all biological life at significant distances from the antenna emission to the
target acquisition zone, such is the capability of the 5G hard- and software and is the very
reason this equipment is, and has been, used extensively on the battlefield as scanning
environment radar and Directed Energy Weapons (DEWs) for the purpose of disrupting and
disabling enemy hardware, as well as biological assets, i.e. humans. II.4
Typically, the 5G antenna design uses a larger power input and directed output to deliver
focused, high-power data compression signals measured in watts or electron volts. The
aviation industry, including Boeing and Airbus, have recently raised concerns over 5G due to
its capability to endanger passenger aircraft that do not have the military mitigation
technologies in a civilian setting to protect their pilots or aeroplane flight control systems
against directed energy emissions. II.5
The telecoms industry and other regulatory bodies have continually denied the real purpose,
and existence of the radiation dangers posed by the deployment of 5G technologies; they
have actively misled the public by issuing demonstrably false press releases through local and
national media, as well as by making false statements in courts in failed attempts to discredit
experts, including myself, even though they had been advised by their own intelligence
agencies that the experimental, uninsurable-for-harm technology was and is extremely
dangerous to the security of the state. II.6
II.1 https://www.sbir.gov/node/2005877
II.2 https://www.icnirp.org/cms/upload/publications/ICNIRPrfgdl2020.pdf
II.3 https://www.radiationresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Turin-VerdictICNIRP_Judgment-SUMMARY-of-the-Turin-Court-of-Appeal-9042019_EN-min.pdf
II.4 https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/IF/IF11882
II.5 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/dec/21/airbus-and-boeing-express-concernsover-5g-interference-in-us
II.6 https://o5g.cz/2021/11/30/mi6-chief-warns-that-a-tech-revolution-over-next-ten-yearscould-pose-major-threat-to-world-order/?nowprocket=1
“Backhaul” in the context of 5G is the term used for the technological advance that enables
data to be interrogated and uplifted from multiple devices and environments simultaneously;
in other words spying across the whole area, leaving no chance of any privacy. The capability
of interrogation and digitization of the intelligence gathered breaches a number of human
rights laws. This patent (II.7), one of a number that confirm the capability to interrogate
sound and voice emissions through buildings to gather data on an unsuspecting population
using electromagnetic hardware and software systems, are all part of the vast 5G toolbox.
Spectrum dominance of the 5G network from sub 3 GHz to 300 GHz poses a real risk of
bodily harm from higher photon energy value frequencies that are coherent radiation
emissions, the impact of which is currently unknown since they are untested and not proven
to be safe, as well as uninsurable, with levels of radiation emissions in excess of anything
imagined by earlier technologists. ICNIRP guideline radiation values apply only to single
antenna device emitters, and do not take into account the massive increase and multiplication
of radiation emission devices proposed across all cities and towns for the 5G network, which
is intended to interconnect everything simultaneously using highly complex, biologically
toxic, and in particular, modulated microwave radiation. II.8
5G deployment is under way by governments across the world in all cities and towns without
any of the obligatory prior environmental impact analysis or public insurance for instruments
of harm (II.9), rendering the whole network deployment an illegal and unlawful act by
authorities acting ultra vires in allowing known biologically toxic ionizing and non-ionizing
radiation emissions unfettered access to the environment. Telecoms companies generally selfcertify having met (obsolete) ICNIRP guidelines, which allows them to breach those
guidelines without sanction as there are no regulatory bodies making independent
assessments of adherence to the ICNIRP guidelines. II.10.
These are the same ICNIRP guidelines that have been shown to cause ill health and cancers
in the general population in proximity to the existing 4G networks. II.11
A further troubling factor is that the telecommunications industry responsible for the
deployment have confirmed that they, the industry, have not carried out any scientific
research and therefore have no current published scientific research data on the actual impact
of 5G networks on the environment. Independent research studies on the subject refute
industry and government propaganda about the safety of the 5G network. II.12
Government agencies who are tasked with protecting the population from the confirmed
cancer-causing properties of non-ionizing and ionizing radiation have failed to provide a
regulatory framework of safety standards or guidelines to protect the environment, thereby
exposing an unsuspecting public to levels of radiation that are harmful and life-threatening.
II.7 https://patents.google.com/patent/US20050220310A1/e
II.8 https://www.ceragon.com/what-you-need-to-know-about-5g-wireless-backhaul
II.9 https://principia-scientific.com/lloyds-insurers-refuse-to-cover-5g-wi-fi-illnesses/
II.10 https://www.caav.org.uk/news/beware-dangers-of-telecoms-masts
II.13 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1469943/
Serious critical infrastructure risks have been ignored in the unregulated rush to deploy the
5G network. Industry and government regulators across the world have ignored a number of
serious scientifically established risks arising from the mass densification of 5G, Internet of
Things (IOT) and SMART aircraft, electrical grid Internet communications, city antenna
systems, which require billions of large spectrum quadrature amplitude modulated (QAM)
microwave radiation transmitters. Canada’s cellular network in 2018 was supported by
approximately 33,000 large towers of up to 200 feet in height. The new 5G protocol will
require many more, higher radiation beam wave emissions using precisely located towers
across Canada’s towns and cities – an estimated 273,000 – at a much shorter height with
significantly larger energy demands on the electric grid and network. II.14
The propaganda narrative of industry and agencies claiming these 5G networks use less
energy is demonstrably false. The massive increase in antennas from massive multiple-in
multiple-out (MIMO) antennas for 5G, plus the mini and micro relay networks, as well as
increased device data usage all require further power consumption in watts. The continual,
not-on-demand, scanning radar designed to pick out the target area is continually in
operation, with the added overlaying of multiples of higher energy focused beam waves,
created by the out-of-phase emission antennas. These focused high energy beam waves,
operating across a larger part of the spectrum, use higher energy photon values in the
compressed millimetre wave spectrum to deliver high power data compression beams across
urban areas and is the reason the aviation industry are very concerned at the risks posed to
their communication systems critical to keeping aircraft safe in the air.

The planned and currently deployed 5G mass antenna installations all add to an everincreasing requirement for more energy to produce the increased data transfer through
radiation emissions across cities and towns. Microwave radiation emissions are known to
increase thermal temperatures, contributing to the climate change challenges and lifethreatening effects of raising temperatures in cities. Heat island impacts are defined as large
urban areas that are affected by increases in city temperatures that have been recognized by
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as causing detrimental health impacts and
increases in energy consumption. II.15
Energy consumption in heat islands increases demand for air conditioning to cool buildings.
In an assessment of case studies spanning locations in several countries, electricity demand
for air conditioning increased approximately 1–9% for each 2°F increase in temperature.
Countries where most buildings have air conditioning, such as the United States, had the
highest increase in electricity demand. Heat islands contribute to higher daytime
temperatures, reduced night-time cooling, and higher air-pollution levels. These, in turn,
contribute to heat-related deaths and heat-related illnesses such as general discomfort,
respiratory difficulties, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and non-fatal heat stroke.
Microwave radiation will also affect a large number of molecular structures in materials,
which increases building fire risk. This is due to hydrocarbon elements in buildings breaking
down due to modulated microwave radiation, which causes localized heating and the
breakdown of materials. Microwave radiation at certain frequencies will excite water
molecules and if there is no moisture available, other less volatile molecules will absorb the
radiation and start to heat. Therefore, any material that has dried out can overheat and ignite
more easily in a microwave field, a type of priming. The risks particular to the 5G radiation
emissions are due to the proposed mass densification and spectrum dominance of the
radiation emissions. Also, any metal objects inside a microwave field can exhibit dielectric
properties that can cause sparking, which could lead to a fire; this is caused by a build-up of
charged particles, energy that produces a concentrated electric field at the edge of the metal.
These are all scientific phenomena that have been ignored by the regulators and industry, but
the most alarming, unrecognized and unregulated issue is fatigue of materials caused by the
continual bombardment of 5G data compression and focused (QAM) modulated microwave
energy fields. 5G requires far more complex and focused data package compression of
energy. The potential for specific frequency causing the disassociation of molecular structures
of solid building materials, priceless artworks, and wine collections, among other things,
cannot be overstated due to the currently un-researched cross-wave impacts of such high
levels of energy-in-air modulated radiation emissions. This cacophony of microwave
radiation pollution could lead to severe failures in larger capital equipment, including the
electrical grid. Current critical infrastructure was never assessed or engineered with this
pulse-vibration, energy-in-air value added to the materials’ fatigue calculation and ultimate
life expectancy of the established infrastructure, including the power grid. II.17
What has also been discovered is unnecessary latent power capacitance built into the 5G
SMART IOT hardware network. This large capacitance could easily be used for a possible
Electro Magnetic Pulse (EMP) attack on cities and populations II.18
This would depend on the known interconnectivity and remote access of an easily hackable
network to all emission devices in the built up radiation 5G grid. II.19
5G operating systems have already been compromised and could pose a significant security
risk, as EMPs can cause a major disruption to electromagnetic communication systems, the
electrical grid and electronics hardware; EMP emissions usually come from sources including
the Sun and a number of developed weapons. II.20
The electromagnetic pulse wave from nuclear bomb testing was shown to cause large
electrical grid disturbances at great distances. Something similar happened when 5G was
switched on in South Korea in April 2019: it caused a number of city fires due to the
documented failure of the electrical grid transformers. The South Korean government and
media passed this off as having been caused by forest fires in five separate cities
simultaneously all across the country when 5G was turned on, but this alleged cause does not
explain the electrical grid disturbance and destruction of critical electrical grid hardware.
EMP risks identified in the USA demonstrate that this type of poorly regulated 5G technology
poses a potential risk throughout the world. II.21
›II.14 https://canada.constructconnect.com/dcn/news/associations/2018/07/constructing-5gwireless-network-will-require-plenty-skilled-tradespeople
II.15 https://www.epa.gov/heatislands/heat-island-impacts
II.16 https://engineering.mit.edu/engage/ask-an-engineer/why-cant-we-put-metal-objects-ina-microwave/
II.17 https://user.eng.umd.edu/~vlg/MSIC%20lectures.pdf
II.18 https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/09/03/dhs-combats-potential-electromagnetic-pulseemp-attack
II.19 https://www.itpro.co.uk/mobile-security/34807/5g-networks-are-vulnerable-to-hacking
II.20 https://energsustainsoc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13705-019-0199-y
II.21 https://www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/Pubs/320-090_elecpuls_fs.pdf
The telecommunications narrative for 5G is only a cover for its actual future capability and
purpose, as confirmed by the total absence of environmental risk research and insurance
liability cover for harm. The future domain for the battle space and the ongoing deployment
of 5G technological advance include 5G weapons for warfare across cities, towns and
countryside. The domain includes psychological warfare technologies, including control and
dissemination of information through social media to obscure the real purpose of 5G as a
warfare system. “The Fifth Generation mission-space represents a new environment in which
future operations will take place. The complexity of the domain is exacerbated by
uncontrolled and undefined actors directing or influencing the narrative. The greatest
challenge of the new mission space is the total erosion of the concepts of the enemy and of
war itself. The opponent will be much more ambiguous and warfare will become an insidious
creep designed to degrade from within rather than attack from without”. (emphasis added)
Special operations forces are already debating the opportunities and risks from the IOT 5G
networks, with assassination through the LAWs that can be used to eliminate targeted
individuals. “Metamaterial adoption has been greatest in communications, antennas, and
radar systems, with related radio-frequency identification (RFID) applications for tagging,
tracking, and locating. The move to 5G communications and extraordinary radar capabilities
will push developments even faster, with commercial sales forecasted to exceed $10 billion
annually by 2030. Metamaterials are integral to future high-performance, high-impedance,
low-profile, conformal, and fractal antennas for communications and radar systems. Immense
potential exists for game-changing shifts in military communications and radar systems
through metamaterials. Indeed, as metamaterials become more fully integrated into antenna
technologies, they will reduce system costs, enable smaller devices with reduced power
requirements, facilitate novel shapes and form factors, and deliver more agile beam forming
and shaping capabilities.” II.23
The military industrial complex across the world know only too well the advantages of using
electromagnetic weapon systems for battlefield interrogation, namely 5G, and have done so
since the emergence of the technology during the Second World War. What is also well
understood is the vast body of published scientific data showing the detrimental health and
environmental effects from the current telecommunications networks. 5G adds a whole range
of further risks to the environment, and to the health of the population. II.24
This is not an argument that can now be disputed; mission creep and the planning of
asymmetrical, unconventional warfare across cities should be of great concern, especially to
the civilian population in case they become the target of an Orwellian technocratic, fascist
regime. Who would be controlling the spying urban interrogation radar and directed energy in
air weapon systems? II.25
Many opportunities are currently under discussion across the defense industry, focusing on
the capability of the 5G urban networks to tag the population with metamaterial antennas,
while serious concerns and risks are seemingly ignored. II.26
These agendas and future plans pose a significant risk to civil liberties, critical infrastructure
and the rule of law.
II.22 https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/26db15ee/files/uploaded/5GW%20Section1.pdf
II.23 https://cgsr.llnl.gov/content/assets/docs/StratLatUnONLINE.pdf
II.24 https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a282886.pdf
II.25 https://media.defense.gov/2019/Apr/03/2002109302/-1/-
III. Vaccination metamaterials, nanoparticle contamination magnetic fields
Vaccines have been shown in a number of studies to contain toxic metal contaminants,
including “inexplicable” levels of nanometal contamination. III.1
This phenomenon is far from inexplicable if the research scientists who carried out this study
had had knowledge of the defence industry goals and the metamaterial ingredients that can be
used to enhance urban 5G interrogation technologies, as well as various other nano material
development projects. III.2
Metals are almost universally radar-reflective and therefore are visible for use as a means of
detecting objects. “Wetware” is the name given to biological structures operating in the
battlefield space that are far more difficult to track and trace or attack using LIDAR, RADAR
or DEWs. Metals are strong reflectors of electromagnetic waves and allow for increased
detection and resolution from battlefield interrogation technologies. Specific metal shapes in
polymers can be used for their dielectric properties to deflect and absorb the reflection and
interrogation capability of current radar systems. III.3
However, without using this precise shape and polymer encapsulation, metal contamination
in the form of metamaterials allows for a higher resolution of the target. After the Covid-19
vaccine technology is injected into the body, the target acquisition of wetware is far more
precise and the technological field can be used to gather biometric data. It is envisaged that
wearable and portable electronic devices that are currently in use to connect the person to the
Cloud will become redundant due to these and further technological advances. The Neuralink
control network uses implanted nano technology antennas that can gather such data and
upload it to the Cloud; these innovations are well beyond the planning phase and all part of
the future battlefield space. III.4
Dr Robert O. Young’s research confirms that the Covid-19 injections have been fully loaded
with metamaterials, namely graphite, ferrous oxide nanoparticulates. III.5
This shocking discovery is confirmed through our own research carried out on victims, as
well as thousands of anecdotal videos showing electromagnetic radiation emissions; together
with magnets and metal objects reacting to the injection sites of those vaccinated with the
Covid-19 serum. Other biomarkers used include SM-102, which is a toxic phospholipid
present in the Moderna Covid-19 vaccines, a synthetic luciferin that improves
bioluminescence-imaging luciferase. III.6
Luciferins can be activated using electromagnetic radiation to create a bioluminescence of the
subject. Facial recognition technologies, part of the 5G technology toolbox, can then be used
to track and trace the contaminated subject across the environmental space.
The deaths and significant biological damage in the population caused by the Covid-19
experimental mRNA vaccine medical intervention have now been documented in nearly one
thousand published scientific papers. III.7. Covid-19 injections are now related to bloodclotting, myocarditis, pericarditis, thrombosis, thrombocytopenia, anaphylaxis, Bell’s palsy,
Guillain-Barré syndrome, and cancer, among others. This is confirmed by irrefutable science
and government-gathered data from the UK Health and Security Agency, which shows
Covid-19 vaccines to be unsafe and ineffective.
III.1 https://medcraveonline.com/IJVV/IJVV-04-00072.pdf
III.2 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42452-019-0592-3
III.3 https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/radar-absorbing-material
III.4 https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-say-a-human-brain-cloud-interface-is-comingthis-is-what-it-could-be-like
III.5 https://www.drrobertyoung.com/post/transmission-electron-microscopy-revealsgraphene-oxide-in-cov-19-vaccines
III.6 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026177/
III.7 https://www.saveusnow.org.uk/covid-vaccine-scientific-proof-lethal/
IV. Radiation-induced coronavirus Covid-19 symptoms
The vast majority of the populations across the West, in particular those of the Five Eyes
community, the Anglosphere intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New
Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, have been injected without their
knowledge with nano metamaterial antennas and are unfortunately going to suffer increased
mortality rates due to localized reflecting radiation emissions from the 5G urban radar. All of
the known coronavirus symptoms can be attributed to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation
pollution. IV.1, IV.2
5G has been identified in a number of published papers as the actual cause of the pandemic,
the start of which coincided with the switching on of the 5G network in Wuhan province,
whose population had just been vaccinated with a mandated flu vaccination. 5G has the
potential to deliver ionizing energy levels that would cause immune system suppression,
leaving the body at risk of disease. IV.3
The Covid-19 pathogen has not been isolated or purified and currently no government
agency can provide the isolate or evidence of its actual existence, apart from the in-silica
modelling created by the Wuhan Institute, which is officially acknowledged to be China’s
most advanced virus research lab complex. China has been a signatory to the Biological
Weapons Convention (BWC) since 1985, and in 1993 declared the Wuhan Institute of
Biological Products as one of eight bio warfare research facilities covered by the BWC. Any
individual working at or on that site would be legally obliged not to divulge any secrets
arising in the course of their employment at that facility and are therefore not at liberty to
speak out. The Wuhan National Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) laboratory is dedicated to the
research of severe infectious diseases. It has the highest level of biological safety and covers
many of the bio toxins and illegal gain of function SARS-Cov-2 bioweapons developments,
and was the source for the initial pathogen data for the existence of Covid-19 and the
consequent international pharmaceutical business vaccination programme response.
Coincidentally, the PCR test was never able to identify a live virus or pathogen and is the
fundamental basis for the lockdowns across the world, which have been used with great
effect to terrorize the world’s population into believing that Covid-19 exists as a live virus
and that the only survival strategy is taking a bio weapon technology masquerading as a
vaccine. IV.4
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have now removed the PCR test as a diagnostic tool,
after it was misused, which is evidence of its deliberate use to create fear and distress among
a misinformed population. IV.5
Research scientists and medical doctors across the world have been gagged, threatened and
vilified in the media and discredited as conspiracy theorists by governments and their agents
when they have spoken out to oppose this trans-globalist agenda. The Great Barrington
Declaration, with over 800,000 signatories, has been ignored and vilified by those pushing
their terrorizing narrative. It was unconscionably ignored so that the populations in the West
could be terrorized into participating in the largest illegal and unlawful medical experiment in
world history. IV.6

IV.1 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30998908/
IV.2 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3426842/
IV.3 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8580522/#
IV.4 https://telegra.ph/The-scam-has-been-confirmed-PCR-does-not-detect-SARS-CoV-2-02-
IV.5 https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dls/locs/2021/07-21-2021-lab-alert-Changes_CDC_RTPCR_SARS-CoV-2_Testing_1.html
IV.6 https://gbdeclaration.org/
V. Augmented humans increasing mortality in 5G radiation fields
Augmented humans and their so-called biological enhancement are already forming part of
governments’ and defence industries’ wider digital connected world agenda. V.1.
Amazingly, in representative democracies across the world, this is happening without any
public consultation, with zero public debate by the proposed participants of this ideological,
technological, political agenda. V.2
It can be postulated that the only reason the technocratic elite, including the driving forces of
the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the United Nations (UN) with its Agenda 2030, could
have for keeping this digital connected world agenda from the public is that they would
condemn and refuse to participate in it. Although there are obvious, serious legal and lawful
implications surrounding this agenda, the focus should be on the legal implications of
allowing the use of biologically harmful technologies that will have a detrimental impact on
health, the environment, and mortality. Currently there is no credible safety data or research
showing the deployment of this technology to be safe. Another shocking example of a
product being brought to market with no optical safety standard norms or testing protocols is
virtual reality (VR) headsets. Despite the fact that artificial optical radiation is a known
environmental and human hazard, these headsets require a magnification of optical radiation
as a retinal display and confirm the total disregard for safety and the law. A further example,
the neural uplink technology requires the insertion or injection of nano metamaterials that
have antenna capability into the brains and bodies of humans across the planet. V.3
Nano materials have already been shown in the published literature to produce detrimental
biological effects causing cell death and potential fertility problems. V.4, V.5
It is suggested that nano antennas are used to receive and respond using coherent
compression of QAM data within the body, without any corresponding safety data, thereby
creating a population of radiation emission entities, which under certain legal definitions
would become electrical devices and thus not classed as human. The energy levels from these
proposed coherent signals from and to antennas positioned within the body and brain will
increase the cellular damage from the impacts of radiation coming from outside of the body,
which have already been shown to be genotoxic. V.6
The modulating levels from low power mobile communication devices operating in the nonionizing energy spectrum were shown to cause reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to be
genotoxic to animals in the largest independent study conducted, the National Toxicology
Program (NTP) study, the results of which are supported by the larger body of independent
published science. These studies confirm the genotoxic effect on animals from sub chronic
ICNIRP guideline-level exposures. 5G urban emissions are designed to deliver chronic
radiation exposure that will undoubtedly increase the genotoxic effects on all the biological
life that the radiation comes into contact with. These radiation emissions are well over the 6-
minute contamination-level guideline recommended across certain spectrums by ICNIRP.
Evidence from areas blanketed by the less powerful and less densified radiation emissions of
4G networks have already shown significant detrimental effects on wildlife. V.7.
Smaller biological organisms that make up the whole ecosystem have less protection from
man-made radiation emissions and can therefore show effects in a more visible,
incontrovertible way. The acute lack of small insects has been shown to be caused primarily
by new experimental man-made radiation emissions, including light emitting diodes (LED)
which have been little studied for their detrimental effects on the environment. V.8
The addition of nano metamaterials through implant, injection, and environmental
contamination will create a cytotoxic environment detrimental to all biological life. Localized
reflection from the metamaterial antennas or the nanometal-contaminated vaccinated entities
will add to a substantial increase in radiation exposures, especially across cities. 5G backhaul
technology can now capture and interrogate multiple data points, conversations, as well as
bodily biometrics and movements 24 hours per day, every day, to the detriment of the Covid19-vaccinated for the rest of what is likely to be a limited life expectancy, as well as of those
unable to remove themselves from these 5G radiation networks and nanoparticle-polluted
environments. Man-made magnetic fields accompany the digitized (QAM) beam wave,
which increases emissions and creates an energy vibration disturbance of the nano
metamaterial particulates in the contaminated vaccinated body; this will significantly increase
the cytotoxicity of the technologies on an unsuspecting mass population of vaccinated
persons. The mandating of this technological experiment in the form of a vaccine that
increases sterility and causes untimely death is a criminal enterprise by organizations and
individuals who have failed to recognize the compartmentalized development of weapon
systems required for the control and planned depopulation agenda. The mass depopulation
intelligence was confirmed in defence circles as early as 2017 by the Deagel weapons
hardware intelligence group, which predicted many millions of casualties occurring in
countries across the West by 2025. Ignorance should serve as no defence for these criminals,
who are party to waging asymmetrical war against an ignorant and terrorized populace. The
criminals may be identified by their total disregard of obligatory environmental risk
assessments and safety standard norms in regard to experimental technologies and the
precautionary principles that should be applied to them. UK government data show clearly
that the experimental vaccines do not work as a vaccine and are posing a significant risk to
the population through serious adverse reactions in the millions, including death. Despite
there being no benefit to children in the injection of this poison into them, the actors behind
this planned murderous event ignore the science and the irrefutable data as they press on with
their covert warfare agenda against the most vulnerable in our societies. V.9
The CDC admit to the current life-threatening dangers posed to the young from this
experimental technology, with no long-term data on the dangers posed by this biochemical
weapons deployment. At the root of the flagrant disregard of all ethical and legal obligations
is the overarching military battlefield agenda, which dictates that war should now be waged
against civilian populations.
V.2 https://augmented-humans.org/
V.3 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33431878/
V.4 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30587973/
V.5 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19652459/
V.6 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/em.22343
V.7. https://ehtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/Mt-Nardi-Wildlife-Report-to-UNESCOFINAL.pdf
V.8 https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1890/14-0468.1
V.9 https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/acip/meetings/downloads/slides-2021-06/04-COVID-Lee508.pdf
VI. Conclusion
To quote Martin L Pall, PhD, Emeritus Professor of Biochemistry and Medical Sciences at
Washington State University, “Putting tens of millions of 5G antennas, without a single
biological test of safety, has to be about the stupidest idea anyone has had in the history
of the world”. Professor Pall is wrong, however: it is not a stupid idea but a heinous crime if
one understands the motive behind this deployment. 5G is a compartmentalized weapons
deployment masquerading as a benign technological advance for enhanced communications
and faster downloads. The globalist false propaganda falls away with one simple undisputed
fact: their PCR test patent for Covid-19, which was filed in 2015, was never able to identify a
live virus, so that it could be utilized to terrorize ignorant and unsuspecting populations
across the world into taking a Covid-19 vaccine polluted with a nano antenna technology to
hook victims up to the 5G network.
Emerging 5G, autonomous, augmented reality technologies, often referred to by the
manufactures as “killer tech”, will prove to be exactly that. The laissez-faire approach
adopted by regulatory bodies and the telecoms industry encouraged the total disregard of the
known biological harm from increasing levels of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation arising
from the mass deployment of these technologies, which were developed for battlefield use.
Non-governmental organizations, individuals and groups have had to take court action
against government safety regulatory organizations as they have ignored the precautionary
principle and disregarded the requirement for standards which are indispensable in law for
new and experimental product developments. The whole basis for the existence of regulatory
bodies has been corrupted by criminals within these organizations who have destroyed the
confidence of the educated public in them. Basic safety requirements have been wilfully
ignored by the telecoms industry and the ICNIRP guidelines have been deliberately designed
to confuse those who lack technical knowledge. The Covid-19 vaccine adverse reactions data
read like the destruction of mankind as millions of North American citizens die and are
injured in this medical experiment that is in breach of the Nuremberg Code and the Rome
Statute of the International Criminal Court. Levels of radiation emissions from the 5G
network empirically exceed the COE 1815 Resolution and confirm the assault, causing actual
bodily harm to populations across the world. The fact that the Covid-19 vaccines vector data
were developed in biological chemical weapons laboratories proves that they are only
masquerading as vaccines, with the emerging data of sterilization, ill health and death across
the West revealing their true purpose. The depopulation of those with no knowledge of the
murderous agenda will continue until the criminals involved in this mass murder are brought
to justice. The 5G network has the capability to target acquire and attack the vaccinated due
to their nano metamaterial antenna Covid-19 vaccine. Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems
(LAWS) require the 5G networks to maintain their geoposition and navigate their
environment to the target; these weapons cannot rely on satellite communications due to the
potential for inclement weather events and signal latency to disrupt their signals so they must
have localized 5G networks for the upcoming cityscape battlefield environment, for
assassination capability and for battlefield domination in planned future wars. Rogue actors
are implementing the Final Solution, a Third Reich concept now actualized by the WEF Build
Back Better, Fourth Industrial Revolution against civilian populations, as proposed by the
defence industry in breach of the Geneva Conventions, as well as domestic and international
laws and treaties.
For the avoidance of doubt, the definition of a weapon is a device, tool, or action that has
been fashioned to cause physical or psychological harm in breach of the primary legislation.
The compartmentalization of weapons systems development has played a crucial role in not
alerting those within the regulatory authorities and telecommunications industry to the real
purpose and intentions of those ultimately driving and funding the deployment of 5G and
biological chemical weapons masquerading as Covid-19 vaccines for a planned control and
command kill grid. The world is blindly following the plans of the technocratic elite and the
military-industrial-pharma complex to terminate large numbers within populations across the
world with no regard to the primary legislation. God-given rights and laws enshrined for the
protection of men and women have been disregarded by these cult-like forces in their
depopulation, sterilization and mass murder agenda. 5G is a weapon system, a crime against
humanity so monstrous that even an educated person would find it unbelievable on first
inspection of the facts. The prima facie evidence of this globalist depopulation agenda is
unequivocal and should be tested in the courts so that the conspirators involved in this
murderous plan can be brought to justice. This is the greatest crime ever to be perpetrated on
mankind and all of God’s creation.
Statement of Truth
I believe that the facts stated in this witness statement are true. I understand that proceedings
for contempt of court may be brought against anyone who makes, or causes to be made, a
false statement in a document verified by a statement of truth without an honest belief in its